The goal of this assignment is to install Lubuntu on VirtualBox from a custom OVA appliance. Inside the OVA file is a compressed instance of the Linux Lubuntu distribution that I installed on my machine.
To help you understand the OVA file, consider the following sequence of events
Once this Virtual Machine is installed, it will contain a copy of my customized version of Lubuntu Linux. You can run this OS and use it as the primary place where you do work throughout the quarter.
Most people will be working in Windows and trying to install Pristine Lubuntu into a Virtual Machine. This means that:
You may, of course, be on a Mac, or even on Linux. None of that should matter so long as you know the difference between the host machine and the guest machine.
VirtualBox should be installed on all the machines in N252. Nevertheless, before doing anything else, confirm that you have VirtualBox installed and updated. If you are working on a laptop, go here and install it:
NOTE: I greatly prefer that you use the school machines rather than your laptop. I simply cannot see the text in most student laptops as it is too small. Also, you will get much, much more out of this class if you learn to use Git to move code between your laptop and school machine, rather than doing all your work on your laptop. In terms of getting a job, learning React and ES6 are the most important aspects of this course. But close behind them is gaining a solid understanding of Git.
NOTE: On the N252 school machines you may not be able to install or update VirtualBox. In that case, you can ask me for help and we can ask IT to install it. If you have Admin privileges, you may be able to install VirtualBox, but this is not always guaranteed to be a permanent solution.
Once you are reasonable certain you have the most recent obtainable copy of VirtualBox installed, then you should download the big Pristine Lubuntu OVA (virtual appliance). The link below requires a bit of patience. Select it, and determinedly click through the options until the download begins. Once this big 3 GB OVA file is downloaded, consider moving it to some save location such as your Documents/Data directory.
The file you download should have an OVA extension.
Double click on the download once it is is completed. Alternatively, use the File | Import Appliance menu in VirtualBox to browse for the OVA file, and import it into VirtualBox:
NOTE: You should select the option to reinitialize the MAC address. Every machine on the Internet needs a unique Mac address or conflicts may occur when using the network. If you forgot to click this option during install, you can do it later by choosing Settings | Network | Advanced from the VirtualBox menu before you launch your Lubuntu VM. (If necessary, close the VM, then select this menu option.) There is a blue doo-hickey that you can click to reinitialize the address. MAC addresses are meant to be unique. The DNS servers set up by the college allocate IP addresses based on the presence of a MAC address. If two VMs have the same MAC address, then the machine that logs on first will get on the Internet, but the second machine will usually get errors when it tries to access the Internet.
After the file has been imported via the simple wizard, select the new item in VirtualBox and choose Start from the menu or icon bar.
NOTE: You may get an error about the audio system when installing the OVA. You can ignore that message. If you get an error about the network card, just click the supplied link and accept the defaults.
NOTE: If you get a warning about USB drivers, this usually means that the Virtual Box Extension Pack is not installed. This could be due to a mistake by the Bellevue College IS department. If you have the rights, install them from here. To install, just double click on the download. If all else fails, go to Settings | USB for your VM and turn USB off for now.
NOTE: If you get an error about the network, this is usually because the network card on the system where I built the VM is different than the one on your current machine. You should be able to select all the default options to solve the problem. Just keep hitting enter, or clicking OK, or something similar, until the problem is resolved.
Our Pristine Lubuntu image is set up to have about 6GB of RAM. This is fine at school since we have 32 GB of memory on these machines. When using this image at home or on a laptop, however, you may need to change this setting. To do so, select Settings | System | Motherboard | Base Memory. Many machines have 4 GB of memory, so setting the memory to 2048 is acceptable, if a bit painful slow at times.
Two important warnings:
It may appear at times as if you are getting away with violations of the above two rules, but eventually these bad habits will catch up with you. In particular, these actions can cause your repository to be corrupted.
You don't want to close your VM with cancel (X) icon any more than you want to turn off your computer by pulling its plug. Putting the machine to sleep while the VM is open should in theory work, but in practice it simply does not work very well.
Make sure you have installed the VirtualBox Extension Pack. To check, go to File | Preferences | Extensions.
Make sure virtualization is turned on in the bios for your machine.
I install the VirtualBox Guest Additions on the Pristine Lubuntu VM, but after updating VirtualBox itself, you may need to make sure you have the guest additions set up properly.
A couple thoughts:
Be sure everything is fresh:
Check disk space and memory on both Windows and Lubuntu. On Lubuntu:
df -h free -h
Make sure you are running the latest version of the Guest Additions.
Given a valid OVA file, it is usually very simple to install a Lubuntu image on VirtualBox. However, there is a lot you can do with these tools. Though you should not need this information, you still might want to see some of the things I have written about VirtualBox on Elvenware:
Create a screen shot of VirtualBox running Lubuntu as a guest OS on your system. Attach the image to your assignment when you turn it in. Normally, I expect to see the Windows desktop, then VirtualBox, and inside VirtualBox, a copy of Lubuntu.
Note: If VirtualBox has the focus on your desktop, then any keystrokes you make will go to VirtualBox, not to your Windows desktop. As a result, you can't press Ctrl-PrtScrn with VirtualBox focused and expect it to work the way it does when other applications have the focus. One solution is to use the Windows Snipping tool or follow one of these suggestions. You can also usually create screen shots in Lubuntu and submit them. But the screen shot will be in the Lubuntu file system, not your Windows file system.
With the possible exception of screenshots, and configuring VirtualBox itself, it is usually best to do all your work inside the VM. This includes browsing, email, downloading, etc. Just go ahead and maximize Lubuntu so that it takes up your whole screen (Right Control - F). I find it confusing to keep switching back and forth between Linux and Windows. Lubuntu is more than powerful enough to allow you to perform the operations you need to perform in this class. It can be a little unstable at times, but if you treat it gently, it should meet your needs.
Is it working right? Try to open the bash shell, that is, try to open a terminal. There are several ways to this. Here's one:
The two steps listed above should, in practice, look a bit like this:
Once you have selected the LXTerminal menu item, your VM should look something like the image shown below. We can see the Lubuntu desktop. We can see some icons. And most importantly, we can see the bash shell (the terminal) open on the right hand side of the desktop. The shell is open on the home folder. The user is bcuser and the machine name is pristine2016. What you see is probably not exactly like this, but you should at least be looking at something vaguely resembling this screen shot of the bash shell.
Choose Settings | System | Acceleration and confirm that VT-x | AMD-V is selected. You can confirm this at run time by selecting Machine | System Info. If you don't have virtualization help from the processor then your VM will either be very slow, or not work at all. In the screen shot shown below, I'm not running Pristine Lubuntu. In this screenshot, I just want to show you the Session Information dialog, not the Lubuntu desktop. In your assignment, however, I want to see your instance of Pristine Lubuntu running. In other words, don't use the picture below as a guide. Your picture should look quite different from this.
I have been setting the base memory for our VM's too low. Instead of setting to 2048 MB, let's try setting it to 4096 MB (4 GB) or even 6144 (6 GB).
NOTE: I'm talking about the settings for our school machine, which has 32 GB total memory. Using up 4 GB for our VM is not excessive on such a machine. On your laptop and home machine, however, 2 GB might be the right number, depending on how much memory is available on your machine.
To see the memory:
Throughout the day, you may want to monitor your memory usage with any of the following commands: