Teaching Guide

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Set up the Apache Web Server and display a simple HTML file that uses bootstrap in it.

Install LAMP

The goal of this assignment is to install LAMP on your copy of VirtualBox. Then replace the default index.html file with default page from Bootstrap site. Remove the default text on the page, and replace it with a paragraph of your own.


Lamp is the primary platform of the web. It is an acronym for: Linux - Apache - MySQL - Python/Php/Perl. Both WordPress and MediaWiki depend on LAMP.

To get started, follow these instructions for installing LAMP. You don't need to do anything with MySql beyond assigning it a password, just read the one short section on installing LAMP and then return to this document. Here is the document that contains a short description on installing LAMP:


You do not need to actually write any HTML or CSS to complete this assignment. However, I want you to include the following code verbatim. Or nearly verbatim. Find the places in the HTML file where it says Lastname and replace them with your lastname. Also, find this text:

<p>This is a document</p>

Replace the parts between <p> and </p> with the first paragraph from your introduction that you published in the discussion area. For instance:

<p>I'm Charlie Calvert and I'm your teacher. I've been working with
computers and writing code in one form or another for about 25
years. I started out with Turbo Pascal and Delphi, spent time with
Java, C++, Python and Perl, and then spent a number of years working
in C#. Now my primary focus is on JavaScript.</p>

Put the files in: /var/www, replacing the index.html that is there by default.

Here is the HTML to put in a file called index.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Prog270 Template</title>
    <meta name="description" content="Prog270 Starter Template">
    <meta name="author" content="Lastname">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <!-- link href="bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet" -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-1q8mTJOASx8j1Au+a5WDVnPi2lkFfwwEAa8hDDdjZlpLegxhjVME1fgjWPGmkzs7" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css" integrity="sha384-fLW2N01lMqjakBkx3l/M9EahuwpSfeNvV63J5ezn3uZzapT0u7EYsXMjQV+0En5r" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <!-- Custom styles for this template -->
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">

    <div class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top" role="navigation">
      <div class="container">
        <div class="navbar-header">
          <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">
            <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
          <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Prog270-Lastname</a>
        <div class="collapse navbar-collapse">
          <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
            <li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
        </div><!--/.nav-collapse -->

    <div class="container">
        <h1>Prog 280 Lastname</h1>

        <p>This is a document</p>
    </div> <!-- Container -->

    <!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery.js"></script>
    <!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
    <!-- script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script -->
    <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-0mSbJDEHialfmuBBQP6A4Qrprq5OVfW37PRR3j5ELqxss1yVqOtnepnHVP9aJ7xS" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

Here is the CSS to put in a file called index.css.:

body {
  padding-top: 50px;
.starter-template {
  padding: 40px 15px;
  text-align: center;

Assuming JsObjects is installed on your system, your should update it by calling git pull from inside the JsObjects folder:

cd ~/Git/JsObjects/
git pull

This will download (pull) the latest code from the GitHub based JsObjects repository. After updating JsObjects, the following will allow you to copy the files shown above to your current directory:

cp $ELF_TEMPLATES/Html/bootstrap-starter.html .
cp $ELF_TEMPLATES/Html/index.css .

NOTE: Not always, but usually, it is best to get code from JsObjects rather than from an assignment document. Of course, I often put code in an assignment that I don't put in JsObjects, but when I do put them in both places, it is usually best to prefer the copy in JsObjects. I'm more likely to update JsObjects than to update a document, and there is less chance of a typo (on my part or yours) causing a problem.

Create Files on Linux

We are now about to create some files on Lubuntu. The question of where to put the files is largely up to you. The most important thing is have a logical system. For now, however, I suggest that you place your files in your Documents folder in a subdirectory called Site.

mkdir $HOME/Documents/Site

Given the existence of that directory, you could copy the files we want to use into that directory with this command:

cp $ELF_TEMPLATES/Html/bootstrap-starter.html $HOME/Documents/Site/index.html
cp $ELF_TEMPLATES/Html/index.css $HOME/Documents/Site/.

In the Lubuntu Start menu, you should have a new item entitled Programming. Geany will be available in that menu folder. Open Geany, and paste the HTML for this assignment into the editor. Open the files we copied into Documents/Site in the editor.

**Saving into Documents Site**

Here is what Geany should look like once index.html is successfully loaded from Documents/Site. (The details may differ a bit, depending on the name of your current user.) Edit index.html so it contains the proper content including your last name and the first paragraph from your introduction.

**Saved into Documents Site**

Open index.css in Geany. Take a look at it, and see if you can understand what it does.

Now you need to copy or link index.html, index.css into /var/www. The /var/www folder is where the Apache Web Server serves up HTML files. You will need to use both sudo and cp/ln to perform this operation. The quizes you took earlier are designed to help you perform these operations.

**Saved into Documents Site**

When you have copied or linked the files into /var/www, go back to the browser and use the address bar to navigate to:


You should see your file in the browser, as shown below:

**Saved into Documents Site**

Turn it in

Use the Windows Snipping Tool or your preferred technique to take a screen shot of your copy of index.html running in VirtualBox and Lubuntu. The screen shot should look a lot like the image shown at the end of the last section, only it will have your lastname and a description from your introduction in the discussion section. Submit this screenshot to complete the assignment.